Secured Graylog and Beats input

The goal of this guide is to have a secured Graylog interface, API and secure communication for Beats that are authenticated by certificate. This way only trusted sources are able to deliver messages into Graylog.

This is a structured document that contains only information already given at various location in this documentation. It should give the missing connection between the different parts of the documentation.

SSL/TLS prework

Create a CA with our shadowCA or use your already given CA. That is needed to create all certificates. The examples will take the given names from our shadowCA and reference to that only, please adjust this to your local needs. If in doubt check the shadowCA scripts what kind of certificate is created and used.

The CA certificate needs to be imported on all machines that are part of the setup using the documented steps. Depending on your Browser you might need to import the .der to your Browser to trust the CA. In addition the CA .der file is imported to a JVM Keystore that is used by Graylog.

Adding of .der to JVM Keystore

Graylog needs to know the CA that is used to verify the certificates. The prime advantage is that it only needs the CA certificate and not all known self-signed certificates in the setup.:

# test the .der file
keytool -v -printcert -file shadowCA.der

# copy cacert into Graylog Folder (ubuntu / debian and CENTOS openJDK )
[ -f /usr/lib/jvm/jre/lib/security/cacerts ] && cp /usr/lib/jvm/jre/lib/security/cacerts /etc/graylog/server/cacerts.jks
[ -f /usr/lib/jvm/java-8-openjdk-amd64/jre/lib/security/cacerts ] && cp /usr/lib/jvm/java-8-openjdk-amd64/jre/lib/security/cacerts /etc/graylog/server/cacerts.jks


# import CA .der into keystore
# will only work if the default password & user is not changed.
keytool -importcert -alias shadowCA -keystore /etc/graylog/server/cacerts.jks -storepass changeit -file shadowCA.der

Custom JVM Keystore for Graylog

Modify the JVM Setting to include -Djavax.net.ssl.trustStore=/etc/graylog/server/cacerts.jks in the GRAYLOG_JAVA_OPTS.

Create certificates

Create certificates for each server, all hostnames and IPs that might be used later to connect from and to this server should be included in the certificates. See README of shadowCA for the possible options. The most common error is that the certificate name does not match the hostname that is used for the connection.

The shadowCA uses the same settings that can be found in the SSL documentation, but easy up the process.

Deploy and configure

Graylog

HTTPS

Place the .key and .crt file on your Graylog server in the configuration dir (/etc/graylog/server/) and add them to the Graylog server.conf. In addition change http_enable_tls to true. You might need to cover other settings in a multinode cluster or special setups - just read the comments of the settings inside of the server.conf.

When using the Sidecar, use the https URI in the sidecar.yml

After restart of Graylog the web interface and the API is served via https only. No automatic redirect from http to https is made.

TLS Beats Input

To enable TLS on the input, a certificate (and private key file) is needed. It can be the same or a different certificate as the one of your REST/web interface, as long as it matches all hostnames of your input. Just reference the files TLS cert file and TLS private key file in the Beats Input configuration and restart the input.

The ingesting client will verify the presented certificate against his know CA certificates, if that is successful communication will be establised using TLS.

Add client authentication to Beats input

Create one directory (/etc/graylog/server/trusted_clients) that will hold all client certificates you allow to connect to the beats input. This directory must be available on all Graylog server that have the input enabled. Write that path in the beats input configuration TLS Client Auth Trusted Certs and select required for the option TLS client authentication.

After this setting is saved only clients that provide a certificate that is trusted by the CA and is placed inside the configured directory (/etc/graylog/server/trusted_clients) can deliver messages to Graylog.

Beats Shipper

When using Beats configure a logstash output. The SSL configuration can be found as the second point in the description by elastic . This is:

output.logstash:
        hosts: ["graylog.example.org:5044"]
        ssl.certificate_authorities: ["/etc/ca.pem"]
        ssl.certificate: "/etc/client.crt"
        ssl.key: "/etc/client.key"

Place your previously created certificates on the server where you installed beats and adjust the configuration to your needs.

The certificate (.crt) file of the beats needs to be placed at the Graylog server in the configured directory for trusted clients only if you have enabled that feature at the beats input in Graylog and want client authentication.